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The National Policy on Education (NPE) in Nigeria is the followed national guideline for the effective management, administration and implementation of education at all tiers of government. There has been significant revolution in the education sector in Nigeria and there definitely needs to be national policy reforms to align with the current trend(s) in the sector to ensure proper and efficient execution of the Board of Education’s guidelines and regulations. The National Policy on Education in Nigeria is a statement of the government’s regulations, anticipations, expectations, goals, requirements and standards for quality education delivery in Nigeria.
Like most other developing countries, Nigeria is undergoing rapid economic, social and political reforms. Some thirty years ago, the Nigerian education sector could be said to be manual-driven but fast forward to some technological advancements and national policy reforms later, there’s the electronic or automatic-driven system of education in Nigeria with the e-Books, e-Classrooms, e-Libraries and even e-Exams. The latest reform on the national policy on education in Nigeria included changes and innovations like:
- Open and Distance Learning Programme by the Government which was resumed after the suspension was ended.
- Expansion and revitalization of the NMC (National Mathematical Centre).
- Teachers Registration Council (TRC) was established.
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT) was instructed to be included into the school curriculum as a second official language.
- To ensure balance and unbiased opportunity and effective implementation of the Universal Basic Education (UBE); the inclusion of basic education into the scheme of Quaranic schools was instructed.
- Simultaneous teaching of science, technical and vocational education in the scheme of national educational for complete student capacity and optimum performance.
- General contextual change to reflect the state of professional practice in education.
National policy on Education is government’s way of actualizing that part of the national goals which education can be used as a tool to achieve. However, before the national policy can be compiled and structured out, the overall philosophy and goals of the nation must first be identified. Some important and vital parts of the current national policy on education are listed below.
- Education would continue to rank high in the nation’s development plans. Education is the most important instrument of change and any fundamental change in the social and intellectual outlook of any society has to be preceded by education.
- Expansion would continue to affect education and training facilities, in response to social needs and education would be made accessible and affordable.
- Educational activities would be centred on the student for maximum self-development and self-fulfilment.
- Depending on needs and possibilities, Universal Basic Education (UBE) shall be provided in a variety of forms for all citizens.
- Educational evaluation and evaluation shall be liberalized by being based in part on continuous assessment of the progress of the student/individual.
- At all levels of the education system, modern education techniques shall be increasingly used and would also be improved upon.
- Physical and health education shall be emphasized at all levels of the education system.
- The national educational system shall be structured to develop the practice of self-learning. Government shall in this regard continue to encourage the establishment of Young Readers Clubs in schools.
In the absence of the national policy, there would be very insignificant revolution and very minute growth in nation’s educational sector. Reforms and re-strategizing is also an important part of the national policy on education in Nigeria since it allows the policy to adjust and reshape to meet present expectations, demands and current technological trends in the country.