Labour Law in Nigeria: What You Need to Know

Labour law is the law that stipulates how the relationship between the employer and the employee is supposed to be in a workplace. The Nigerian labour law includes within it the relationship between the government and its workers, between publicly-owned corporations and their workers and even between private employers and their workers.

The Nigerian labour act of 1990 is divided into Five (5) different parts with each part detailing one particular aspect of the labor law. These parts are:

  1. General provisions as to protection of wages, contracts of employment and terms and conditions of employment
  2. Recruiters and recruiting generally
  3. Special Classes Of Worker And Miscellaneous Special Provisions
  4. Supplemental: Records and returns
  5. Transitional and Saving Provisions

In this article, we are not going to look in-depth at each one of these sections but we are going to discuss the most important provisions of the Nigerian labor law in order to give you an idea of what the law expects of you as an employer of labor or as a worker.

So let’s plunge in!

Provisions for being Employed

The Nigerian Labor Law demands that every employer should prepare a written contract on any case of employment and present the employee with this contract before the end of 90days from his first day on the job. The employment contract should state clearly who the employer is, who the employee is and the conditions of the employment including a description of the job, the hours of work and the pay and what happens during a illness or an injury.

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The law also expects that the contract states if other benefits like Pensions or Insurance is attached to the job. A clear description of what will happen in a case that the employee gets injured or causes some damage to the employer should also be included as well as the compensations for excellence at work.

Provisions for Pregnant and Nursing Women

The Nigerian labor law allows pregnant women a maternity leave from six weeks before the birth of child through six weeks after the birth of child except if she is faced with medical complications. In a case of complications, she is expected to provide the employer a medical certificate attesting the presence of a medical complication.

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A breastfeeding woman is allowed two blocks of thirty minutes to breast feed her child.

Provisions for the Injured Worker

The Nigerian law stipulates that an employee’s dependents are entitled to 42months of his earning if he dies as a result of an injury he sustained at work. When the injury doesn’t cause any deaths but disabilities, the employee is expected to receive 54 months earning as compensation.

However, if the injury was caused by carelessness of the worker or by negligence, it is not necessary for the corporation to pay any compensation except at will, or if required by a court of law.

ٍSo there you have it! The three most important provisions of the Nigerian labor law but I am more than willing to tell you about any other provision that may interest you.

As always, all you have to do is to ask in the comments below!

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Add a Comment
  1. Jacob Chile

    Nice One.

    1. Olamide

      please any organization who doesn’t value the safety and health of the employee, after the agreements made in the appointment letter that they have access to medical treatment, and there’s nothing like that after many months. what’s the way out here to help? secondly tax money is deducted every month without paying it to the government, and the pension money promising is the appointment letter is not active has well. in short every promise they made been neglected to the employees. what help we the government do on this?

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