How to Start a Spice Business in Nigeria

There is a huge market for a spice business in a place like Nigeria. This is because Nigerians are lovers of spices. There is almost no food Nigerians will cook and they would not spice it up. If you are a Nigerian and do not love spices, you are definitely in the minority. Before we go into the details of starting a spice business, let us discuss the profitability of the spice business and how you can use resources such as business coach australia to learn everything you need to know to start a successful business.

How to Start a Spice Business in Nigeria

How to Start a Spice Business in Nigeria

The spice business is viable at any season

Spices are used in and out of season. Spices are not like food crops such as yam or fruits that you will often hear are unavailable at a particular time. You will never hear someone say s(he) was not able to buy thyme at a particular time of the month.
If you are on the lookout for a business that will be able to run throughout the year, then spice business will be a great choice.

• Demand for spices is high

No one can prepare stew, jollof, or fried rice without adding spices. This makes its demand very high and thus makes spice business a profitable business. Spices add flavour and taste to food. Commonly consumed spices in Nigeria include pepper, ginger, turmeric, coriander, chilly, etc.

• Location is not a barrier

Wherever you are located in Nigeria, you can dive into the spice business. Spices are not restricted to any particular location. You can sell spices from any part of the country and still make huge profits.

Do you know about the huge potential markets of the spice business in Africa and Nigeria in particular? Africans have used for spices for a long time and for various purposes. Spices are common ingredients in foods, cosmetics across the continent. Spices are rich in flavor, color and taste. Hence, they add brightness to food, make it smell great and also give it a good taste. Spices are very important in dishes that one can hardly imagine what food will be like without it. The spice business is a multi-billion dollar global industry. Many countries in Africa produce spices, however, most of the spices produced are consumed locally.

What are spices?

Spices are dried parts of plants that have a strong flavor and are used for various purposes such as foods and cosmetics. The different parts of a plant used to make spice include seeds, fruits, roots, bark, stems, and even flowers. In Nigeria. Popular local spices used for cooking include pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, cloves, turmeric and thyme, dry red chili, Mustard, Methi leaves, Poppy seeds, Fennel seeds, Mixed powder, and others.

The spice business has a rich and interesting history that dates as far back as hundreds of years ago. The use of spices and herbs is as old as mankind. Today, spices still remains a huge part of human life. Spices are used in cooking, preservation and cosmetics, medicine, and religious rituals. Ne of the leading producers of spices in Africa includes Nigeria, The soil and climate of Nigeria is favorable to the growth of spices. However, the country and its inhabitants have not explored the full potentials and opportunities available in the spice business.  The African continent produces less than 10 percent of the spices produced worldwide.

This article provides you with information on how to start a spice business in Nigeria. There are different ways you can be involved in the spice business in Nigeria. Read on below:

With the spice business, you can focus on introducing foreign spices to local consumers or introducing local spices to foreign consumers. Whether you want to cultivate local spice or deal in foreign spices, both are profitable ventures.


Spices are best grown in tropical regions where there is adequate sunlight and rainfall all year round. Spices such as vanilla, black pepper, nutmeg are successfully grown in Nigeria, In spite of the advantages, most of them are still imported into Africa every year. O cultivate local spices or deal in foreign spices, both are profitable ventures. Most spices are easy to cultivate and do not require lots of land space or the use of advanced machinery. However, if cultivating spices on a commercial scale, you will need to acquire a sizeable piece of land for cultivation. Depending on the type of spice, farming techniques and requirements may differ.

Trading & Processing

If you do not have the time, capital, and skill set to cultivate spices yourself, you can buy fresh spices from farmers and then process them yourself. Dried spices such as pepper, nutmeg, Tumeric last longer and retain their value. These spices can be stored for longer periods of time without the need for advanced or expensive storage facilities.

Blending and Branding

You can creatively put together a number of spices and blend them to make your own recipe. This is very easy to do. All you need to do is take a look at your kitchen cabinet, find those ordinary spices you have lying around even though branded and mix together to form a fine spice. When selling quality spices with their popular brand names, you can charge even higher. If you do not find popular branded products, then look out for the ordinary local spices sold in your area market. These spices are usually opened in the market. Buy them and blend together. There are popular spices that everyone loves to use but still have to buy individually, take advantage of such a demand, and produce your own branded spice product.


When putting together your own recipe for spices, ensure you package well in an attractive bottle or sachet. Give your product a name to set it apart from the individual spices in the open market. This way your own branded spice will be easily recognized and both locally and if you want to export, internationally too.

Importation and Exportation

A good business option is the importation of spices. If you do not have land and the necessary equipment to grow the spices, you can as well buy from the farmers and process them yourself or take them to processing machines to process them for you so you can export. All you need to pay attention to is the products meeting international standards.

Some foreign spices can also be imported to satisfy the needs of foreigners living and working in Nigeria.

When you want to start a spice business, you must have a business plan that includes:

Costs involved in opening a spice business?

The costs involved in starting a spice business can be relatively low, depending on the types of spices you buy. Buying local spices will cost you less. You can also start the spice business at home which removes the cost of location. Therefore, the other costs involved include ordering the actual spice any equipment you may use for processing.

Who is the target market?

You must decide who your target market is. If you plan on selling to customers directly, you’re looking for local restaurants. You can also supply to a local supermarket that will then retail to customers.

Get the necessary equipment

Depending on the scale you intend operating, you might be needing several equipments like:
– Spice grinder
– Heating sealing machine
– Disintegrator
– Sieves
– Weighing scale

After you have purchased the right equipment, you can then proceed to the final stage of buying the raw materials.

6 thoughts on “How to Start a Spice Business in Nigeria”

  1. Thank you very much for this,you really inspired me. Am about starting my own spices and herbs business,I will surely need
    your help in getting a good packaging.

  2. Thanks for the information on starting up spice bussines, I will like to go get more guideline on it, because I love to start up my own bussines soon.

  3. I’m both impressed and greatfull for the opportunity to peruse this write up. I working on starting my own seasoning packaging company and I will greatly need your guidiace .
    Thank you.

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