There is a massive infrastructural change in the educational sector in Nigeria with the public more cognizant about newer approaches to learning and an international exposure. Online learning is seen as a paradigm shift in the educational enterprise worldwide and so in Nigeria. There is a general acknowledgement and belief that online learning has the true potential to keep up with the pace of the growing economy and bridge the skills need gap in almost all the industry sectors.
Public health and clinical research are a major priority for any developing country and e-learning is contributing a major role is developing the requisite knowledge base of professionals to contribute effectively for various public health and development programs.
James Lind Institute (JLI) has developed multiple programs in Public Health and Clinical Research which are tailored towards the growing economies and help professionals effectively contribute towards the sustainable development goals. There is a widespread acceptability of online courses provided by James Lind Institute in Nigeria and fulfils the strong demand for focussed higher skills-based education which cannot completely be met with traditional campuses and programs.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been recently covered in the media, and you may have even seen it as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee. What exactly is CBD? Why is it suddenly so popular?
How is cannabidiol different from marijuana?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
Is cannabidiol legal?
CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status is in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction, and while the federal government still considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, it doesn’t habitually enforce against it. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is confusing, and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change, as there is currently bipartisan consensus in Congress to make the hemp crop legal which would, for all intents and purposes, make CBD difficult to prohibit. If you are willing to start a medical and legal CBD business. Kratom is also highly sought after and is very similar to how the CBD works. Kratom has been proven to be incredibly easy to farm and produce, people like linacre have proven that.
The evidence for cannabidiol health benefits
CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and in some cases it was able to stop them altogether. Videos of the effects of CBD on these children and their seizures are readily available on the Internet for viewing, and they are quite striking. Recently the FDA approved the first ever cannabis-derived medicine for these conditions, Epidiolex, which contains CBD.
CBD is commonly used to address anxiety, and for patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.
Is cannabidiol safe?
Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it can raise levels of certain other medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does. A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is primarily marketed and sold as a supplement, not a medication. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So you cannot know for sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label. In addition, the product may contain other (unknown) elements. We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.
The bottom line on cannabidiol
Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may be prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD is currently is mostly available as an unregulated supplement, it’s difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you decide to try CBD, talk with your doctor — if for no other reason than to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking.
Online learning or E-learning is not a new phenomenon in imparting education in some parts of world. Currently, most of the institutions are using it to promote distance education (DE) and lifelong learning. e-learning is the use of informatics technology to deliver education and training applications, monitor learner’s performance and report learner’s progress. Hedge and Hayward (2004), defined e-learning as an ingenious approach for imparting electronically mediated, well-designed, learner-centered and interactive learning environments to anyone, anyplace, anytime by utilizing the internet and digital technologies in concern with instructional design principles. Online learning is all about learning with the help of the informatics tools which are changing at a tremendous pace in the current time. The last decade has seen a tremendous upgradation of the informatics industry which has positively impacted the educational sectors.
Online Training in Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Maternal and Child Health
Promoting health for all is a major priority for all nations. Developing nations usually struggle to achieve the health goals due to a massive sharing of resources by multiple socio-economic and industrial transformations happening in the country at one point of time. The immense demographic, ecological and socio-economic transformations happening in a developing country requires people trained in the modern methodologies, strategies and policies to tackle the complexities of work. A rapid urbanization in the developing countries is adding to the stress on the existing infrastructure creating a need for better, efficient and ethical utilization of resources for the betterment of the masses and the nation at large.
James Lind Institute (JLI) consults experts in the field of public health and allied domains like tropical medicine, maternal and child health and research methodologies to develop courses which are truly tailored to current and long-term needs of the developing economies of the world.
JLI provides online advanced courses in the fields of Global Health Management & Policy, Global Sexual & Reproductive Health Management, Public Health Research, Healthcare & Hospital Management, Medical Tourism & Healthcare Marketing, Medical Law & Bioethics, Healthcare Risk Management, Global Maternal and Child Health, Public Health Management, Tropical Medicine, Surveillance and Immunization.
JLI also provides Online Masters programs – Master of Science in Health Management and Master of Science in Public Health Management (MPH) in collaboration with International Telematic University UNINETTUNO, Rome, Italy.
James Lind Institute also conducts various online programs for the clinical research industry and allied sectors like pharmacovigilance & pharmacoepidemiology, medical writing, clinical data management, quality assurance, regulatory affairs and medico-marketing, Medical Communication & Journalism pharmaceutical medicine and translational medicine. JLI also conducts advanced online programs in Occupational Health and Safety Management and Environmental Health Management.
The public health workforce is one of the basic and elementary units for strengthening health systems for achieving health for all and the sustainable development goals. There is a widespread dearth of social and preventive health care workers in developing countries many of which are in Africa. Africa correspondingly records alarming health indices as a fallout of endemic and emerging health problems that are aggravated by a lack of a trained public health workforce. In low-income nations, effective push to build a robust public health surveillance and response systems has slowed down, due in part, to the lack of public health physicians, field workers, public health nurses, epidemiologists and well-trained laboratory professionals. To bolster the public health systems in Africa, especially for disease surveillance and response, professionals from a number of countries including Nigeria have taken up online learning as a valid and effective tool to attain quality education and contribute towards the local, national and international public health needs.
Online public health programs at James Lind Institute gives due emphasis on one health approach of solving public health problems and has attracted physicians, nurses, pharmacists, public health managers, veterinarians, laboratorians and other life science graduates from more than 40 countries to join. All the major public health diseases and conditions prevalent in Nigeria are discussed during the public health programs e.g., Malaria, Tuberculosis, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Diarrheal Diseases, Alcohol-related harms, Food safety, Healthcare-associated infections, Heart disease and stroke, HIV, Motor vehicle injury, Nutrition, physical activity and obesity, Prescription drug overdose, Teen pregnancy, Tobacco use, Cancer, etc.
Online programs at James Lind Institute (JLI) employ a novel and innovative informatics approach to building sustainable pedagogical capacity and strengthen the public health systems especially surveillance and response systems by providing focussed and targeted trainings. JLI views training and capacity building efforts as a means to strengthening the entire socioeconomic infrastructure of a nation and works under a framework for development and sustainability provided by international benchmarking agencies.
Nigeria is a fast-developing nation and working towards achieving all the seventeen UN Sustainable Development Goals. These goals apply to all countries and act as a push to generate resources and implementation strategies to develop peaceful and inclusive societies, creates better jobs and tackle the environmental challenges of our time—particularly climate change. James Lind Institute stands steadfast with a mission to develop human resources trained and equipped with the appropriate knowledge and skills for success.