Common Nigerian Trees and Their Botanical Names


In this post, we’ve compiled a list of trees commonly found in different parts of Nigeria along with their botanical names and uses.

nigerian trees and their botanical names

Mountain fig

Botanical name

Ficus glumosa (Moraceae)

Uses

  • One of the beneficial parts of this tree is the root. The juice from this root can be used to treat cough and conditions like difficulty in breathing.
  • The bark can also be boiled and used to treat diarrhea.

Bush fig

Botanical name

Ficus sur (Moraceae)

Uses

  • The leaves are used as fodder for livestock
  • The roots can also be boiled with potash and used to treat intestinal worms

Sycamore

Botanical name

Ficus sycamorus (Moraceae)

Uses

  • The leaves can be used to make traditional soups. They can also be used to treat jaundice
  • The fruits are also edible
  • The latex can be used in treating cough
  • The root can be used as a purgative

Gmelina tree

It is most common exotic tree in the country.

Botanical name

Gmelina arborea (Verbenaceae)

Uses

  • The leaves can be used as fodder to livestock
  • Gmelina can be used as a source of timber
  • The trees can also serve as windbreaks in windy areas
  • It can also be used for a wide variety of ailments such as diarrhoea, dysentery, food poisoning, menstrual pain, chicken pox and small pox.
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Jan yaro (Fulafulfulde)

Botanical name

Hymenocardia acida (Hymenocardiaceae)

Uses

  • The root can be boiled and used as aphrodisiacs in men. It can also be used to give mental strength
  • The fresh bark can be used as poultice on abscesses and tumours
  • The ripe fruit has been known to cure deafness

Mahogany

Botanical name

Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae)

Uses

  • The bark can be soaked in water and ingested to clear intestinal worms in both humans and animals
  • The pounded bark can also be used to treat bile disease in cattles
  • The oil from the seed can be used to treat arthritis and skin rashes.
  • Also, the decoction from the bark can be used to treat certain heart diseases
  • The latex from the bark can also be used to cure ear pain

Bakin faru

Botanical name (Family)

Lannea acida (Anacardiaceae)

Uses

  • The boiled bark can be used as a treatment for pile. Also the infusion from the bark can be used to treat stomach troubles
  • The root bark can be used to treat skin infection
  • The kernel of this tree can be used as purgative
  • The leaves can be used as an astringent and remedy for tooth ache
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Mango

Botanical name (Family)

Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae)

Uses

  • The fruit juice can be taken to treat jaundice
  • The boiled bark and leaves can be used to treat fever
  • The decoction from the fresh leaves can be used to treat diarrhoea

Moringa (Zogale)

Botanical name (Family)

Moringa oleifera (Moringaceae)

Uses

  • The root is used in the treatment of epilepsy and convulsions
  • The seeds can also be used for water purification
  • The barks and leaves have antimicrobial properties
  • The leaf juice can be applied to the eyes to treat eye problems

African peach

Botanical name (Family)

Nauclea latifolia (Anacardiaceae)

Uses

  • The root can be boiled in potash to treat gonorrhea. It can also be used to treat stomach upset.
  • The boiled leaves can also be used as a purgative.

Cashew

Botanical name (Family)

Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae)

Uses

  • The cashew nuts are edible

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